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Fidel Castro

Fidel Castro

  • Born on
    • August 13th, 1926
  • Died on
    • November 25th, 2016
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (13 August 1926 – 25 November 2016) was a Cuban revolutionary and politician who served as Prime Minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976 and President from 1976 to 2008. Ideologically a Marxist–Leninist and Cuban nationalist, he also served as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba from 1961 until 2011. Under his administration, Cuba became a one-party communist state; industry and business were nationalized, and state socialist reforms were implemented throughout society. Born in Birán, Oriente, the son of a wealthy Spanish farmer, Castro adopted leftist and anti-imperialist ideas while studying law at the University of Havana. After participating in rebellions against right-wing governments in the Dominican Republic and Colombia, he planned the overthrow of Cuban President Fulgencio Batista, launching a failed attack on the Moncada Barracks in 1953. After a year's imprisonment, Castro traveled to Mexico where he formed a revolutionary group, the 26th of July Movement, with his brother Raúl Castro and Ernesto "Che" Guevara. Returning to Cuba, Castro took a key role in the Cuban Revolution by leading the Movement in a guerrilla war against Batista's forces from the Sierra Maestra. After Batista's overthrow in 1959, Castro assumed military and political power as Cuba's Prime Minister. The United States came to oppose Castro's government and unsuccessfully attempted to remove him by assassination, economic blockade, and counter-revolution, including the Bay of Pigs Invasion of 1961. Countering these threats, Castro aligned with the Soviet Union and allowed the Soviets to place nuclear weapons in Cuba, resulting in the Cuban Missile Crisis – a defining incident of the Cold War – in 1962. Adopting a Marxist–Leninist model of development, Castro converted Cuba into a one-party, socialist state under Communist Party rule, the first in the Western Hemisphere. Policies introducing central economic planning and expanding healthcare and education were accompanied by state control of the press and the suppression of internal dissent. Abroad, Castro supported anti-imperialist revolutionary groups, backing the establishment of Marxist governments in Chile, Nicaragua, and Grenada, as well as sending troops to aid allies in the Yom Kippur, Ogaden, and Angolan Civil War. These actions, coupled with Castro's leadership of the Non-Aligned Movement from 1979 to 1983 and Cuba's medical internationalism, increased Cuba's profile on the world stage. Following the Soviet Union's dissolution in 1991, Castro led Cuba through the economic downturn of the "Special Period", embracing environmentalist and anti-globalization ideas. In the 2000s, Castro forged alliances in the Latin American "pink tide" – namely with Hugo Chávez's Venezuela – and formed the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas. In 2006, Castro transferred his responsibilities to Vice President Raúl Castro, who was elected to the presidency by the National Assembly in 2008. Description above from the Wikipedia article Fidel Castro, licensed under CC-BY-SA, full list of contributors on Wikipedia.

Filmography

Himself (24 Credits)

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2019Operation C.H.I.M.P as Himself
2019ReMastered: Massacre at the Stadium as Self (archive footage)
2019Wasp Network as Self (archive footage)
2019The Irishman as Himself (archive footage)
2018Another Day of Life as Himself (archive footage)
2018Bobby Kennedy for President as Himself (archive footage)
2017Cuba and the Cameraman as Self
2012Ethel as Self (archive footage)
20127 Days in Havana as Self (segment "Diary of a Beginner") (archive footage)
2011Santiago Files as Himself (archive footage)
2009South of the Border as Self (archive footage)
2007The War on Democracy as Self (archive footage)
2004Salvador Allende as Self (archive footage)
2003Comandante as Himself
2003Surplus: Terrorized Into Being Consumers as Himself
2003The Fog of War as Himself (archive footage)
2002Cuban Rafters as Himself (archive footage)
2002Naqoyqatsi as Self (archive footage)
1977A Grin Without A Cat as himself (archive footage)
1974The Society of the Spectacle as Self (archive footage)
1974General Idi Amin Dada: A Self Portrait as Himself (archive footage) (uncredited)
1969Topaz as Self (archive footage)
1968The Hour of the Furnaces as Himself (archive footage)
1967Far from Vietnam as Himself (uncredited)

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